Share
Bookmark
Print
Plan a route here
Embed
Ruin

The ruins of Szádvár

Ruin · Aggteleki-hegység · open
Responsible for this content
Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség Verified partner  Explorers Choice 
  • The ruins of Szádvár
    / The ruins of Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • White walls of Szádvár
    / White walls of Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • Lookout point in Szádvár
    / Lookout point in Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • Ruins of a bastion behind the cistern
    / Ruins of a bastion behind the cistern
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • The view over Ménes-völgy
    / The view over Ménes-völgy
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • Arriving at Szádvár
    / Arriving at Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The view towards Slovakia
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / Ruins of a bastion
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The view over Bódva Valley
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / A little is left in a large area
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The view over Szögliget
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The ruins of Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The widest angle view in Aggtelek Karst Region
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / The ruins of Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • / A picturesque hiking trail to Szádvár
    Photo: Áron Dömsödi, Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség

The ruins of Szádvár glow bright white atop an extremely steep conical hill. The hill provides the most wondrous view of Aggtelek Karst; its crumbling walls covered with rich vegetation bring tales of adventure in mind, making it well worth the tiring hike.

The history of Szádvár

The castle might have been built in the 13th century, in the great fortification rush after the Mongol invasion. The first mention dates back to 1268. Items discovered during archeological excavations of the Castle Hill suggest that around the 1200s some kind of fortification had already stood in the place of what became known as Szádvár.

The original castle was extended by its owners, the Bebeks, after the battle of Mohács, in the 16-17th century – walking around the ruins, we can still see hints at its once impressive size. During its history it changed hands several timed; a Czech captain in alliance with the Hussites, the Szapolyai family. It was occupied by the armies of palatine Amádé Aba, and István Werbőczi, before getting back into the hands of the Bebek family. The most significant event in its history was in January 1567, when it withstood a siege against the imperial troops led by Lázár Schwendi for 4 days. The continual bombardment left enormous holes in the wall, leading to Zsófia Patócsy (wife of György Bebek) giving up the castle in exchange for a peaceful withdrawal.

For a short time, the Esterházy family owned it, then the kuruc armies of Thököly, and after the end of the Rákóczi revolution, the royal court demanded its destruction in 1686. It was probably burned down in 1688. In the most part of the 20th century the ruins were too close to the border, therefore visiting them was prohibited. Nowadays the Szádvárért Baráti Kör (Friends for Szádvár) are doing excavation and renovation works around the area. Not many walls are left standing, but those still erect can be seen from afar.

The hill

The ruins of the limestone castle occupy an enormous area of the small plateau. The hill itself is a steep-sided rise with a tiny plateau on top surrounded by jagged rocks. It sharply rises over its surroundings, making it a magnificent lookout point. It provides a superb view of Szögliget basin and Bódva valley. If you turn east, you will have an unobstructed view all the way to Zemplén Mountains. From the southeastern side of the castle, visitors can admire the Ménes valley and a huge slice of the Aggtelek Karszt. By using a binocular one could see the Castle Hotel of Szelcepuszta, or the slope of Nagy-oldal. From one part of the castle, you can see into the depths of the Slovak Karst via a small gap.  If you look south, just like with most of the panorama of the Aggtelek Karst, you will have a marvelous view of the Bükk plateau. It is refreshing to see natural forests without major clear-cuts.

There used to be a quite steep hiking trail on the northern side of the ruins, leading to the clearing of Vár-kert. Nowadays one cannot find markers on these dangerous paths, but the trail on the sunny, southern slope offers a pleasant landscape of calcareous grassland and scrubland. The hill got its name from its bare, rocky slopes. Szárd means bare, barren in old Hungarian.

Opening hours

open today

Open all year round

Fee:

Free of charge

outdooractive.com User
Author
Áron Dömsödi
Updated: February 05, 2019

Public transport

  • Get off at bus stop “Szögliget, autóbusz-forduló”.
  • Get off at Bódvaszilas train station.
  • Get off at bus stop “Bódvaszilas, közért”.

Getting there

  • From Szögliget, follow the Red (P) markers into the valley, then turn onto the Red L (PL) Trail leading to the castle. To make a loop hike, follow the Red L (RL), then the Blue L (KL) and finally the Red L (PL) markers to Szalamandra-house to return to the village (Total distance: 4.2 km, elevation gain: 275 m).
  • From Bódvaszilas, follow the Blue (K) markers up to the hill. Change to the Green (Z) Trail on the left, then follow the Blue (K) again until the Red L (PL) Trail joins in from the left. Follow the Red L (PL) markers, and turn left at the next junction, still following the Red L (PL) markers. The Blue L (KL) and Red L (PL) markers lead you up to the castle from the clearing at the foot of the hill. (Total distance: 8.3 km, elevation gain: 408 m).

Parking

  • Free parking at the crossroads of Kossuth Lajos Street and Szabadság Square in Szögliget. Alternatively, you can also leave your car outside of the village at Szalamandra-house and reduce your hike to 1.9 km and 237 m of elevation gain.
  • Free parking at Bódvaszilas train station or behind the renovated granary in Akácos street.
Arrival by train, car, foot or bike

Routes through this place

Type
Name
Distance
Duration
Ascent
Descent
63.1 km
18:40 h
1700 m
1680 m
Show in map

Nearby Points of Interest

 These suggestions were created automatically.

Questions & answers

Pose the first question

You have a question concerning this content? Here is the right place to ask it.


Reviews

Write your first review

Be the first to review and help others.


Photos of others


The ruins of Szádvár

Qualities

Place to visit
  • 1 Routes nearby
Long Distance Hiking · Northern Hungary Bergland

Putnok - Bódvaszilas (OKT-24.)

April 05, 2017
moderate Stage 24
63.1 km
18:40 h
1700 m
1680 m
by Áron Dömsödi,   Magyar Természetjáró Szövetség
  • 1 Routes nearby